4.3.2 - The rectifying valve

Since its invention in 1904, the two electrodes valve or diode was used originally only for radio wave detection based in its capability to rectify the alternating current. However, in spite such instrinsic operation principle, its appliation as a reliable rectiying device started only in 1926 when the first electric powered radio receivers were launched in the market replacing the ones battery operated.
The first rectifying valves used cathodes coated with oxides. Since 1914, General Electric in the USA starting to launch in the market several types of rectifers devices such as: Kenotron and Tungar. In the mid thirties the first rectifying valves using indirect heating was developed in the USA. Around 1940, the improvement in the manufacturing technology gave the birth of the first miniature rectifying valves.

A = The Tungar Valve made by GE
B = Voltage stabilizer made in Holland by Philips
A = Valve type 80 formerly type UX-280

B = Valve type 866A, half wave gas rectifier

C = Valve type 5Z3
Left, one of the first types of  battery chargers using the Tungar rectifying valve made in the USA by GE, circa 1923.